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Loan Process


 

Step 1: Find Out How Much You Can Borrow

 

The first step in obtaining a loan is to determine how much money you can borrow.  In case of buying a home, you should determine how much home you can afford even before you begin looking. By answering a few simple questions, we will calculate your buying power, based on standard lender guidelines.

 

LTV and Debt-to-Income Ratios


LTV or Loan-To-Value ratio is the maximum amount of exposure that a lender is willing to accept in financing your purchase. Lenders are usually prepared to lend a higher percentage of the value, even up to 100%, to creditworthy borrowers. Another consideration in approving the maximum amount of loan for a particular borrower is the ratio of monthly debt payments (such as auto and personal loans) to income. Rule of thumb states that your monthly mortgage payments should not exceed 1/3 of your gross monthly income. Therefore, borrowers with high debt-to-income ratio need to pay a higher down payment in order to qualify for a lower LTV ratio.

 

FICO Credit Score


FICO Credit Scores are widely used by almost all types of lenders in their credit decision. It is a quantified measure of creditworthiness of an individual, which is derived from mathematical models developed by Fair Isaac and Company in San Rafael, California. FICO scores reflect credit risk of the individual in comparison with that of general population. It is based on a number of factors including past payment history, total amount of borrowing, length of credit history, search for new credit, and type of credit established. When you begin shopping around for a new credit card or a loan, every time a lender runs your credit report it adversely effects your credit score. It is, therefore, advisable that you authorize the lender/broker to run your credit report only after you have chosen to apply for a loan through them.

 

Source of Down Payment


Lenders expect borrowers to come up with sufficient cash for the down payment and other fees payable by the borrower at the time of funding the loan. It is generally expected that these funds be borrower's own saving, although a borrower may receive non-returnable gifts towards down payment and other loan fees.

  

Step 2: Select The Right Loan Program

 

Home loans come in many shapes and sizes. Deciding which loan makes the most sense for your financial situation and goals means understanding the benefits of each.  Whether you are buying a home or refinancing, there are 2 basic types of home loans. Each has different reasons you'd choose them.

 

1) Fixed Rate Mortgage

 

Fixed rate mortgages usually have terms lasting 15 or 30 years. Throughout those years, the interest rate and monthly payments remain the same.  You would select this type of loan when you:

  • Plan to live in home more than 7 years
  • Like the stability of a fixed principal/interest payment
  • Don't want to run the risk of future monthly payment increases

  

2) Adjustable Rate Mortgage

 

Adjustable Rate Mortgages (often called ARMs) typically last for 15 or 30 years, just like fixed rate mortgages. But during those years, the interest rate on the loan may go up or down. Monthly payments increase or decrease.  You would select this type of loan when you:

  • Plan to stay in your home less than 5 years
  • Don't mind having your monthly payment periodically change (up or down)
  • Comfortable with the risk of possible payment increases in future

By carefully considering the above factors and seeking our professional advice, you should be able to select the one loan that matches your present condition as well as your future financial goals.

 

Step 3: Begin Loan Processing

  

Although lenders conform to standards set by government agencies, loan approval guidelines vary depending on the terms of each loan. In general, approval is based on two factors: your ability and willingness to repay the loan and the value of the property.

Once your loan application has been received we will start the loan approval process immediately. Your loan processor will verify all of the information you have given. If any discrepancies are found, either the processor or your loan officer will troubleshoot to straighten them out.  This information includes:

 

Income/Employment Check
 
Is your income sufficient to cover monthly payments?  Industry guidelines are used to evaluate your income and your debts.
  
Credit Check
 
What is your ability to repay debts when due?  Your credit report is reviewed to determine the type and terms of previous loans. Any lapses or delays in payment are considered and must be explained.
  
Asset Evaluation
  
Do you have the funds necessary to make the down payment and pay closing costs? 
  
Property Appraisal
 
Is there sufficient value in the property? The property is appraised to determine market value. Location and zoning play a part in the evaluation. 

 

Step 4: Close Your Loan

 

After your loan is approved, you are ready to sign the final loan documents. You must review the documents prior to signing and make sure that the interest rate and loan terms are what you were promised. Also, verify that the name and address on the loan documents are accurate. The signing normally takes place in front of a notary public.

 

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